KC Logo Arboretum
"A man does not plant a tree for himself, he plants it for posterity." - Alexander Smith   


Horse Chestnut
(Aesculus hippocastanum)

Donated by Kaskaskia College President and Board of Trustees
Tree Map Location: # 249
In Memory of Dawn M. O'Neil_Schnur-Holly

Horse Chestnut tree form Horse Chestnut leaf Horse Chestnut bark Horse Chestnut fruit Horse Chestnut flowers

Leaf: Leaves are out early, opposite, palmately-compound with 5 to 7 leaflets. Leaftlets are obovate with an acuminate tip, 4" to 10" long, light green as they unfold and turn dark green at maturity, veins are impressed in the leaflets making them appear corrugated. Often leaves are so scorched and blotched that good fall color is not possible, poor yellow or just brown. The leaf scars left on twigs after the leaves have fallen have a distinctive horseshoe shape, complete with seven "nails".  
Flower: very showy, reaching a peak in mid-May, white with a blotch of yellow and red color at the base, terminal panicles, 5" to 12" long and 2 to 5" wide  
Fruit: 2" to 2.5" in diameter capsules with 1 or 2 seeds called conkers, has a dehiscent, spiny husk, light brown, matures in September and October, kids love to collect them.  
Bark: exfoliates in plates on older branches and the trunk to reveal showy orange bark underneath, most of the bark is brown and dark gray  
Form: large upright-oval to rounded form, deciduous flowering tree, medium to coarse, 50' to 75' tall, but may grow up to 100' tall.  
Interesting Facts: A famous specimen was the Anne Frank Tree, a horse-chestnut in the center of Amsterdam which she mentioned in her diary and which survived there until August 2010  
Source: Wikipedia  
Website: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/

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