XRAY 146



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BIOL 101 
BIOL 120 
XRAY 145 
XRAY 146 

Hello, this page is still under construction.  Please feel free to look over the following syllabus.

This course is available in the Spring for Radiology Students that have completed XRAY 145.




Study of principles and procedures in ultrasound/CT/MR imaging special focus on abdominal, urinary, OB/GYN organs, and cardiopulmonary system.  Includes study of adult/pediatric, normal/abnormal anatomic variants.  The detection and evaluation of disease by diagnostic ultrasound, computerized tomography and magnetic resonance.


4 Credit Hours (3 Lecture and 2 Laboratory)


Admission to the Radiological Program and XRAY 145


Upon successful completion of the course, the student will be able to:

1. Describe several aspects of human anatomy and physiology.

2. Describe each body system and its components.

3. Develop concepts of body systems and arrive at an understanding of the body as     an integrated unit.

4. Explain the components and function of the urinary system.

5. Describe the structure and function of the cardiovascular system.

6. Explain the function and structure of the respiratory system, digestive system and     reproductive system.

7. Discuss the structure and function of the nervous system, lymphatic system, and     endocrine system.

8. Correlate US/CT/MR studies with appropriate cross-sectional anatomy.

9. Utilize cross-sections and laboratory models in order to support further     understanding of x-ray technology.







I. Introduction

II.     Nervous System

       A. Neurons and Cell Types

       B. Central Nervous System

       C. Autonomic Nervous System

III.    Cardiovascular System

       A. Blood

       B. Arteries, Capillaries, and Veins

       C. Heart

       D. Pulmonary Circulation and Systemic Circulation

IV.   Lymphatic System

       A.  Structure and Function

V.    Respiratory System

       A.  Organs of Respiratory System

       B.  Mechanics of Breathing                      

       D. Pulmonary Phenomena

VI.   Endocrine System

       A. Glands and Secretions

VII.  Digestive system

       A. Introduction - Typical Cross-Section of GI Tract

       B. Structure and Function

       C. Hormonal Role of Digestive Secretions

VIII. Urinary System

       A.  Kidney

       B. Urine Formation

       C. Micturition

IX.  Reproductive system

       A. Male Reproductive System

       B. Female Reproductive System

X. Cross-Sectional Anatomical Study



1. To enhance a radiologic background for continued study in human biology.

2. To develop concepts of the body systems and to arrive at an understanding of the      body as an integrated unit.

3. To comprehend the structural and functional components of each organ system.

4. To correlate imaging studies with the appropriate cross-sectional anatomy and to     develop an understanding of pathologic manifestations and normal/abnormal     variants.



Attendance in lecture and laboratory is expected to successfully complete the course. Missed assignments, quizzes, lab tests, or finals will not be made up.  All assignments must be turned in on time.  Keep returned assignments and record of your grade throughout the semester.  Your instructor will give you a tentative schedule for the lecture tests.  Additional homework or classroom assignments may be given by an instructor;  the point value will then be added to the total points for the class.

Our goal is to keep a challenging, relaxed, learning environment that enhances each student’s potential.  It is each student’s responsibility to utilize class time, speak softly during group activities, and address others in the class in both a polite and professional manner.

Be prepared for a quiz or assignments each session. If you feel you need any special accommodations because of a documented disability or have other concerns, please contact counseling at 545-3060 and your instructor.  

Laboratory:  Emphasis will be placed on cross-sectional anatomy.  There are ten (10) major groupings of 3-4 sections each that are required for testing in x-sectional anatomy.  Three (3) of these groupings were completed in XRAY 145, the other seven (7) will be completed in XRAY 146, this semester.  Your instructor will provide you with a list of completion dates for this semester’s requirements.  No more than one simulator grouping may be tested on during the space of one week.  Each student must be able to demonstrate a proficiency in identifying the required structures on each simulator of the grouping being studied.  No simulators or sections may be removed from the classroom.  Workbooks may only be checked out strictly for brief amounts of time (arrange and sign out with instructor, thank you). Your instructor encourages you to work in small groups and quiz each other throughout the semester prior to your cross-sectional testing.

Other:  In addition to lecture tests, laboratory tests and a comprehensive final, your end of the semester grade will include individual research, group projects, participation, quizzes and assignments.

Financial Aid:  Students that receive financial assistance that are not attending classes prior to 60% of the semester being completed could be responsible for returning a portion of their Federal Pell Grant.


Lecture Tests ……………………………………………………………

Laboratory Tests ………………………………………………………...

Other Assignments, Quizzes &/or Participation ……………………….

Final Exam ……………………………………………………………..…

Total Points ………………………………………………………..…….  

1. If you are absent, late, or have to leave early, it is your responsibility to find out what material, handouts or assignments were missed.  However, if points were missed, you will not have the opportunity to make them up.  If you do not complete cross-sectional laboratory tests or other laboratory exercises on or before test dates, your score will result in a zero.  You must be present for final exam and laboratory tests or score will result in a zero.  Each absence beyond 3 will decrease student’s overall final course percentage by 10%.  Each late or early exit from course will be recorded and a total of 3 (over 7 minutes) of either will equal 1 absence.  If you are approved to exit for an ultrasound, your instructor will need documentation.

2. Complete your own work (if suspected of cheating, grade will result in a zero), turn assignments in on time, use pencil on lab exercises, practice lab safety and use equipment with care.

3. Students will not receive points for late or missed work.  If given, make-up lecture test (limit 1) will be penalized 10% and will be completed (within one week from original test date) on the day of your return.  

4. Please see me for any additional questions or concerns.

5. Your grade will be figured on the following scale:

90.5 - 100 %   = A          77.0 - 83.4 % = C

83.5 - 90.3 %  = B          76.9 and below = F






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